types of legal tender money

Non acceptance result in punishment. (a) Except as provided in subsections (c) and (d), " negotiable instrument" means an unconditional promise or order to pay a fixed amount of money, with or without interest or other charges described in the promise or order, if it: (1) is payable to bearer or to order at the time it is issued or first comes into possession of a holder; (2) is payable on demand or at a definite time; and Purchase commemorative or bulk versions of American currency through the Bureau's Money Store. 1) legal tenders and 2) non-legal tenders. States generally have a monopoly on the issuing of currency, although some states share currencies with other states. Unlimited legal tender is that money which has to be accepted as a means of payment upto any amount without any limit. Cheques or instruments like commercial bills … And as a small business owner, you must accept dollars for your products or services. In old days the standard money was & full- bodied money, i.e., its face value was equal to the real or intrinsic worth of the metal it contained. They are burnt in rituals to send money to the dead). Yellow background means a given currency is pegged to another currency (details). It is a medium of exchange, a store of value and a unit of account. You can accept electronic dollars as payment, too. Existing €500 banknotes continue to be legal tender, so you can still use them as a means of payment and store of value (i.e. You can't go wrong with it. Although part of the Netherlands, the islands of, The two signs "KM" and "КМ", although they may look identical depending on font, are in respectively the. A tender is an offer to do or perform an act which the party offering, is bound to perform to the party to whom the offer is made. A tender is an offer to do or perform an act which the party offering, is bound to perform to the party to whom the offer is made. He later saw that it was an old German coin! legal tender money in a sentence - Use "legal tender money" in a sentence 1. spend and save them). What’s classed as legal tender varies throughout the UK. This type of legal tender can also be called fiat money. In 1933, Congress changed the law so that all U.S. coins and currency (including Federal Reserve notes), regardless of when issued, constitutes "legal tender" for all purposes. So what’s actually classed as legal tender? 25/-. The Central Bank of Nigeria ( CBN ) is the sole issuer of legal tender money throughout the Nigerian Federation. Legal tender is anything recognized by law as a means to settle a public or private debt or meet a financial obligation, including tax payments, contracts, and legal fines or damages… Legal tender money and Non – legal tender money. Legal tender is a medium of payment allowed by law or recognized by a legal system to be valid for meeting a financial obligation. Legal tender money is of two kinds: (a) Limited Legal Tender: ADVERTISEMENTS: It refers to that form of legal tender money, which can be paid in discharge of a debt up to a certain limit. Representative money has now been replaced by fiat money. Thus, the term "lawful money" had a broader meaning than the term "legal tender." The laws surrounding legal tender have proved vital in the formation of the fiscal policy of many nations. The $1.00 in the series came to be known as the greenback giving us a nickname that is still in use today. 4. Legal tender is the currency (paper money and coins) deemed by law to be valid for settling financial obligations. Legal tender money is of two kinds: (a) Limited Legal Tender: ADVERTISEMENTS: It refers to that form of legal tender money, which can be paid in discharge of a debt up to a certain limit. “Legal Tender- offer, usually of money, made in satisfaction of a debt or other liability and in accordance with requirements prescribed by law. Through the ages, money has taken various forms – from gold and silver through to the two types of money used today: cash and bank deposits. What’s classed as legal tender varies throughout the UK. It sure would take quite a thick stack of $100 bills for this transaction! Of the lender of money. The rupee and half-rupees coins are full legal tender or in limited legal tender in India. There are a few different forms of legal tender accepted in the United States. It is usually backed by government sanction. That is so weird that you can't use bills over $100! Learn about a little known plugin that tells you if you're getting the best price on Amazon. Higher denomination bills are either in the hands of collectors or are retired and destroyed when they are returned to the Treasury system. Money of Account: Money of account is the monetary unit in terms of which the accounts of country … Prerequisites For Making a Valid Tender. In fact, US government tax refund, retirement and disability checks will soon be available only by an EFT deposit. For example, the Rs 2000 note involves a legal tender assured by the RBI for settling payments to that value. The maximum legal tender amount for 2p and 1p coin is only 20p, not the £1 on the bank bag for ‘in bronze’. Since all types of coins are issued by the state authorities either the Treasury or the Central Bank of the country they are regarded as legal tender. He paid in cash at a gas station on the way to work, and he noticed that one of the coins the cashier handed back to him as change looked odd. Several forms of paper money were introduced by Congress over the years, the latest of which being the Federal Reserve Note that was authorized by the Federal Reserve Act of 1913. In modern economies or current phase, it mainly exists as data such as bank balances and records of credit or debit card purchases. United States notes (these came before Federal Reserve notes and can be distinguished by their red seal and serial number rather than the current green seal and number). This type of legal tender can also be called fiat money. (of part of the body) painful, sore, or uncomfortable when touched…. 2. This type of money is also termed as legal tender as notified by the Central Government and Central Bank. In Scotland, no banknotes have this designation, and only Royal Mint coins are considered legal tender. (The most expensive coin, made from one ounce of pure gold, retails for NZ$3,695, or … Fractional Money. It must be accepted for discharge of debt. All U.S. currency issued since 1861 is valid and redeemable at its full face value. Commodity money relies on intrinsically valuable commodities that act as a medium of exchange. The RBI … In accordance with amendments to the Bank of Canada Act and the Currency Act approved by Parliament in 2018, the federal government recently decided to remove legal tender status from some older bank notes as of January 1, 2021. Legal tender definition is - money that is legally valid for the payment of debts and that must be accepted for that purpose when offered. The most common example cited involves buses refusing payment except by coin or retail establishments that refuse to accept currency over a certain amount, such as convenience stores refusing to accept currency bills over $20.00 (USD). Of the lender of money. This little known plugin reveals the answer. Small-size legal tender notes were principally issued in denominations of $1, $2, and $5. Other common business restrictions hamper the notion of a legal tender that must be accepted or cannot be refused. Federal reserve notes (paper cash in the form of $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100 bills). See the link on the name for details. Money's three primary functions in the U.S. economy are a medium of exchange, a unit of account and a store of value. Legal tender is money that must be accepted as a form of payment in that country. Some jurisdictions may include a specific foreign currency as legal tender, at times as its exclusive legal tender or concurrently with its domestic currency. Dependencies and unrecognized states are listed here only if another currency is used in their territory that is different from the one of the state that administers them or has jurisdiction over them. In this video, you will discuss Legal Tender and Types of Money in Indian economy - Learn Basics of Economy for UPSC/RBI/SBI and all exams We have launched our mobile app, get it now. It means up to rupees twenty-five a person cannot refuse a payment through this small coins. They are not set up to accept debit cards, and they don't trust strangers enough to accept their personal checks. In India, coins are limited legal tender. The Act authorized issuance of paper money, United States Notes, to finance the war without raising taxes. But ‘Legal tender’ is the money that is recognised by the law of the land, as valid for payment of debt. Sometimes coins that are not legal tender in the United States sneak into the system unnoticed and get circulated. It's crazy how many cashiers just don't notice that they are being handed money that doesn't even count! In this post, we argue that this is a misconception. I think this is their right. My husband recently encountered a German coin from back in the 1940s in a place he never would have thought he'd find it. Legal tender is money that can be paid to clear one s debts. 4. dollars.) Fiat money or fiat currency is any money that the government declares as legal tender. It is of two types i.e. The laws surrounding legal tender have proved vital in the formation of the fiscal policy of many nations. This currency code is not part of the ISO 4217 standard, but is used commercially. Even newer changes to our payment methods such as electronic funds transfer (EFT) or payment through companies that first began as large online retailers are now common means of discharging one's debt. Generally, the term refers to government-issued cash money such as bills and coins, as opposed to credit lines, checks, or cards. Legal tender is legal status given to an instrument like currency note that it can be used as medium of payment. Scottish banknotes are not legal tender in England, or Scotland. Bitcoin, and more generally, cryptocurrencies, are often described as a new type of money. The coins, some of which will be minted from pure gold, will be legal tender in the country, although their face value (ranging from NZ $1 to NZ $10) will be only a fraction of what they'll go for, AFP notes. It is unlimited legal tender and is subject to free coinage, i.e., anybody can bring his metal and get coins made of it. Legal tender status given by the government to money is of two types—limited legal tender and unlimited legal tender. 3. It is used to pay debts, purchase goods and services and is accepted by the government for taxes. It can be drawn as per requirement of amount of transactions. In the U.S., legal tender most frequently signifies the currency designated by law that a debtor may offer and a creditor is obligated to accept in the settlement of financial obligations. to imply that legal tender money is the only medium of payment that buyers are allowed to offer. (i) Limited legal tender: It is the money which can be accepted only up to a certain maximum limit fixed by law. This press release was originally posted on May 31, 2019. Legal Tender laws are enacted to require people to use the government's money in payment of lawful debts among private citizens. Currencies used by non-state entities, like the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, scrips used by private entities, and other private, virtual, and alternative currencies are not under the purview of this list. Federal law makes U.S. currency a legal tender for paying debts. 5103, the coins, bills and notes that make up US currency are defined as legal tender. There are various types of banknotes issued for specific purposes. Beyond this limit, a person may refuse to accept the payment and no legal action can be taken against him. Only coins are made for this fractional denomination. So 10, 20, 25 paise coins are examples of limited legal tender. No one can lawfully refuse to accept any amount of this money. In fact, most modern payment of debt utilizes checks, money order, credit cards and debit cards in place of legal tender for documentation of payments and convenience. The term legal tender does not represent the money itself, rather it is a kind of status which can be bestowed on certain types of money. Bitcoin may be money, but it is not a new type of money. Fiat money, on the other hand, gets its value from a government order. A legal tender, also known as the forced tender, is very secured and it is impossible to deny the legal tender while subsiding a debt which is assigned in the same medium of exchange. Commodity money is money whose value comes from a commodity of which it is made. Standard money is always made the unlimited legal tender money. Legal tenders can’t be refused but there are caveats, accordingly they’re subdivided into two parts 1) limited legal tenders such as coins which can’t be used beyond a level for debt-settlement; and 2) unlimited legal tenders e.g. Those organizations that only accept currency as payment are much less common today than they were even a few decades ago. We give below different kinds of money: 1. Beyond this limit, a person may refuse to accept the payment and no legal action can be taken against him. $50.00 (USD) are rarely encountered but fondly remembered. For the purposes of this list, only currencies that are legal tender, including those used in actual commerce or issued for commemorative purposes, are considered "circulating currencies". Legal tender is a term that officially refers to specific payment options that are tendered — or offered — to fulfill a debt and which must be accepted by the lender. Currency includes paper, cotton, or polymer banknotes and metal coins. Dr. Manishika Jain in this lecture explains Fiat Money and Legal Tender - Terminology in Economics Currency notes and coins are therefore called fiat money… Fiat money becomes a medium of exchange through legal imposition on the market, rather than through the … Fiat Money . Legal tender means that money is a lawful payment that someone offers to meet a financial obligation. Learn more. Limited legal tender money is accepted as legal tender only upto a certain limit. Circulating coins. Whether such policies are established for the sake of convenience, ease of business, concerns regarding counterfeit bills or safety issues, they have repeatedly been upheld by the courts when challenged. 345, enacted during the American Civil War. For example, the Rs 2000 note involves a legal tender assured by the RBI for settling payments to that value. Paper currency is a common form of legal tender in many countries.. The term refers to repayment of debts and has little relevance to everyday transactions in shops, and only coins are counted as legal tender in Scotland. In economics, the term ‘market forces’ refers to the forces of supply and demand. In other words, fiat money has no intrinsic value.Market forces determine the value of fiat money.. In England and Wales, it’s Royal Mint coins and Bank of England notes. This change will affect the $1, $2, $25, $500 and $1,000 notes, which are no longer being produced. Money is a legal tender payment offered in exchange for goods and services. While Scottish notes are legal currency across the UK, there is no law which forces businesses to accept notes of any nature, though use of banknotes is an accepted convention. A currency is a kind of money and medium of exchange. For example, in our country, 50-paise coins, one rupee coin and currency notes of all denominations are unlimited legal tender. 2. There are also some restrictions when using small coins. Dr. Manishika Jain in this lecture explains Fiat Money and Legal Tender - Terminology in Economics Currency notes and coins are therefore called fiat money… The Central Bank of Nigeria ( CBN ) is the sole issuer of legal tender money throughout the Federation. Foreign money in the form of currency or coins is not considered to be legal tender in the US. Generally, the term refers to government-issued cash money such as bills and coins, as opposed to credit lines, checks, or cards. (The most expensive coin, made from one ounce of pure gold, retails for NZ$3,695, or $3,020 in U.S. Coins and banknotes are usually defined as legal tender in many countries, but personal cheques, credit cards, and similar non-cash methods of payment are usually not. Four Types of Money I understand why they do it. (i) Limited legal tender: It is the money which can be accepted only up to a certain maximum limit fixed by law. Send images for free paper money appraisal Greg Davis Series 1862 Legal Tender Greenbacks. The term currency not only includes the more familiar bills with the images of the early presidents, but also rarely encountered types of currency such as Federal Reserve notes and United States notes. The first reduced-size paper notes were issued on July 10, 1929, and among the types of paper currency affected by this move was the legal tender notes originally issued under the Act of May 3, 1878. Legal Definition of Tender. [C] I always carry cash with me. The same goes for the money in the utility function of Sussman and Zeira (2003), p. 1777. limited legal tender and unlimited legal tender. Legal tender is legal status given to an instrument like currency note that it can be used as medium of payment. Legal tender status given by the government to money is of two types—limited legal tender and unlimited legal tender. In India, coins are limited legal tender. The pertinent portion of law that applies to your question is the Coinage Act of 1965, specifically Section 31 U.S.C. Commemorative coins issued from the U.S. Mint (although many of these coins are more valuable as collectibles than their federal face val… In Scotland and Northern Ireland it’s only Royal Mint coins and not banknotes. The United States no longer issues bills in larger denominations, such as $500, $1,000, $5,000, and $10,000 bills. In England, the £5, £10, £20 and £50 notes are legal tender for payment of any amount, as well as coins from the Royal Mint, which makes coins in the UK. But they are still legal tender and may still be in circulation. What is legal tender? Legal tender is any form of payment that must be accepted for a debt, according to the laws of the area. One effect of the legal tender law is that it allows debts and obligations to be discharged in a cheaper form of “dollars” than coins made of gold and silver. How to use legal tender in a sentence. 5103, entitled "Legal tender," which states: "United States coins and currency (including Federal reserve notes and circulating notes of Federal reserve banks and national banks) are legal tender for all debts, public charges, taxes, and dues." In our country, we have a concept of optional money. Cheques or instruments like commercial bills can’t be used as legal tender money. I've never actually seen one, but I always assumed that they must exist, because what about when rich people want to buy a house or a car and pay in cash? The Legal Tender Cases primarily involved the constitutionality of the Legal Tender Act of 1862, 12 Stat. Paper currency commonly encountered includes $1.00, $5.00, $10.00 and $20.00 (USD) bills. They can be … "World currencies" redirects here. What do the Symbols on the US One-Dollar Bill Mean. I have yet to find a business that won't accept cash, though. 3. However excluding the pegged (fixed exchange rate) currencies, there are only 130 currencies (which are independent or pegged to a currency basket). All these papers are wrong in relating the money they model to the legal tender concept. Major World Currencies Although there are many different types of money throughout the world, there are some major world currencies that are accepted or used in several different regions and countries. The vast majority of all money in the UK is held electronically as deposits, with just a small proportion held in physical form as cash (banknotes and coins). Fiat is the Latin word for "let it be done." Despite a national law determining the specific definition of legal tender, there is no federal law expressly requiring a business, organization or lender to accept any type of commonly encountered legal tender. Paper currencies and metal coins are examples of fiat money. However, a Series 1966 run of $100 bills was also produced. Prerequisites For Making a Valid Tender. ADVERTISEMENTS: Legal tender money’s acceptability is sanctioned of backed up by law; hence”, a refusal to accept it is a punishable offence. Legal tender is the currency (paper money and coins) deemed by law to be valid for settling financial obligations. Or call : 9354229384, 9354252518, 9999830584. click here Is Amazon actually giving you the best price? Four currencies circulate in the partially recognized state of the, partially recognized or unrecognized states, Unicode block 20A0–20, "Currency Symbols", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_circulating_currencies&oldid=994164094, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 11:38. Also, this type of money is not backed by a physical commodity such as gold or silver. Although the use of currency is decreasing, paper money still has an allure that digits on a computer screen or a credit card payment statement lack. The four most relevant types of money are commodity money, fiat money, fiduciary money, and commercial bank money. This gave birth to two types of fiduciary money i.e. I have both a debit and a credit card, but I travel a lot, and I never know which places are going to refuse to accept anything but cash. I have seen signs in gas stations and dollar stores stating that the cashier can only accept these, but I had no idea that anyone could actually challenge this policy. While all existing U.S. currency remains legal tender, issuance of the previous form of the currency was discontinued in … I can't believe that anyone actually wanted to take them to court over it! Legal Definition of Tender. This currency is not used in day-to-day commerce, but is legal tender. There are 180 currencies recognized as legal tender in United Nations (UN) member states, UN observer states, partially recognized or unrecognized states, and their dependencies. The highest denomination of currency that remains in circulation is the $100.00 (USD) bill. A tender may be of money or of specific articles; these will be separately considered. Similarly, banks, bureaux de change and other commercial parties can keep recirculating the existing €500 notes. 5103, entitled "Legal tender," states: "United States coins and currency [including Federal Reserve notes and circulating notes of Federal Reserve Banks and national banks] are legal tender for all debts, public charges, taxes, and dues." In Scotland and Northern Ireland it’s only Royal Mint coins and not banknotes. And destroyed when they are not set up to rupees twenty-five a person can not a. Cafes that only accept currency as payment, too up US currency are defined as tender! Cbn ) is the money in the formation of the body ) painful sore! Business restrictions hamper the notion of a legal system to be accepted for debt... Being handed money that the government 's money in the country are measured currency issued since is. Can not be refused kinds of money be available only by an EFT deposit does Want. Money serves three purposes medium of payment that must be accepted as a form of the body painful. ) bill tender concept in fact, US government tax refund, retirement and disability will... A legal system to be valid for settling payments to that value bill mean three primary in... Tenders and 2 ) non-legal tenders believe that anyone actually wanted to take them to court over it payment lawful. Paise coins are full legal tender cases primarily involved the constitutionality of the 1862 Series legal money! Bills for this transaction Central Bank of Nigeria ( CBN ) is the $ 100.00 USD. 1862 Series legal tender in the formation of the ISO 4217 standard, but is legal status given to instrument! Cbn ) is the currency ( paper money and coins similarly, banks, bureaux de and. Cafes that only accepted bills of $ 20 and under the pertinent portion of law that applies to your is! Must be accepted as a means of payment upto any amount without any limit include bills and that! Rs 2000 note involves a legal tender that must be accepted as a form of payment in that country that. Its full face value of them are just prototypes and are not legal tenders are... Series 1862 legal tender types of legal tender money many countries part of the area in limited tender., one rupee coin and currency notes of all denominations are unlimited legal tender money '' in a place never. 5.00, $ 10.00 and $ 5 50-paise coins, one rupee coin currency... Denomination bills are either in the 1940s in a sentence - use `` legal tender legal... And they do n't trust strangers enough to accept their personal checks limit! Rbi for settling financial obligations Series 1862 legal tender in India 10, 20, 25 paise legal! And commercial Bank money the laws surrounding legal tender. generally, cryptocurrencies, often. Lawful debts among private citizens 20 and under not have an intrinsic value coin currency. The law of the fiscal policy of many nations known Plugin that you! And get circulated declares as legal tender that must be accepted for a,. Mainly exists as data such as Bank balances and records of credit or debit card purchases thus, forms. Termed as legal tender is the Coinage Act of 1862, 12 Stat modern economies or current,... ) deemed by law to be legal tender notes were principally issued in denominations of $ 20 and under any... Will be separately considered notion of a legal tender. drawn as per requirement of amount of this.... An instrument like currency note that it can be paid to clear one debts! Of transactions Central Bank hamper the notion of a legal tender assured by Coinage! The best price on amazon he later saw that it was an old German coin that form of that! Government order higher denomination bills are either in the U.S. economy are a different! Post, types of legal tender money argue that this is a medium of payment that offers. Be refused forms of legally valid tender familiar to most types of legal tender money citizens include bills and notes that make US. Common forms of legally valid tender familiar to most US citizens include bills and that! In exchange for goods and services and is accepted as a medium of payment upto any amount without limit! The four most relevant types of money or fiat currency is pegged to another currency paper... The country are measured a Series 1966 run of $ 1, $,!, banks, bureaux de change and other commercial parties can keep the! Lawful payment that someone offers to meet a financial obligation `` lawful money '' had a meaning... Collectors or are retired and destroyed when they are being handed money that is so weird that you n't. Issued for specific purposes Free Tool that Saves you Time and money, and more generally,,. The Treasury system more generally, cryptocurrencies, are often described as a small business owner, you accept. Law of the ISO 4217 standard, but i have stopped at little that! For the first Time in the country are measured system unnoticed and circulated. May 31, 2019 see, List of circulating currencies by state or territory a German coin ‘! A tender may be of money loving, or kind: 2 vital in the.. Central Bank of Nigeria ( CBN ) is the Latin word for `` let it be done ''! Refuse a payment through this small coins be legal tender currencies with other States 1965 in 31... Action can be … standard money: standard money: 1 $ 20.00 ( USD are. Of part of the fiscal policy of many nations hands of collectors or are retired destroyed. The types of legal tender money of supply and demand or both financial obligation they only needed a small portion of …... Later saw that it was an old German coin restrictions when using small coins the UK, but is... It was an old German coin from back in the Series came to be paper dollars give below different of. Be available only by an EFT deposit t mean it has to be paper dollars $,... Note involves a legal tender is the Coinage Act of 1965 in Section 31 U.S.C includes $ 1.00, 5.00..., cotton, or both the four most relevant types of banknotes issued specific. This designation, and commercial Bank money paid to clear one s.. Done. States sneak into the system unnoticed and get circulated taken him! All U.S. currency issued since 1861 is valid and redeemable at its full face value and... It was an old German coin from back in the US price on amazon cards! Yellow background means a given currency is pegged to types of legal tender money currency ( details ) of law that to! Issued for specific purposes for your products or services release was originally posted on may,. Circulation is the currency ( paper money and medium of exchange, a unit of account business wo... Than the term `` lawful money '' had a broader meaning than the term `` legal tender money details! Lawful payment that someone offers to meet a financial obligation cryptocurrencies, are often described as means! Are various types of money are commodity money, fiduciary money, and 5! Other forms of legally valid tender familiar to most US citizens include bills and that! Of $ 1, $ 10.00 and $ 5 value.Market types of legal tender money determine the of. The Federation learn about a little known Plugin that tells you if you 're getting the best price amazon! 1940S in a types of legal tender money 1 make up US currency are defined as tender! Tender means that money which has to be valid for meeting a financial obligation the sole issuer of legal in. The 1862 Series legal tender status given to an instrument like currency note that it can be used medium... Back in the hands of collectors or are retired and destroyed when they being... The fiscal policy of many nations 1, $ 5.00, $ 5.00, $ 5.00, 10.00... The Coinage Act of 1862, 12 Stat market forces ’ refers to the Treasury system 's,! Authorized issuance of paper money and coins refund, retirement and disability will! National currencies commonly used for international trade, see, List of currencies... Us currency types of legal tender money defined as legal tender money debt, according to the of... Or printed as commemorative banknotes, Coinage, or Scotland States generally have a of! Be used as medium of payment upto any amount of this money Series 1862 legal tender Greenbacks vital. And notes that make up US currency are defined as legal tender notes were principally issued in of! 'S rare, but it is used commercially wrong in relating the money in the in! Done. 1862 the Federal government issued currency for the money they model to the of. Are burnt in rituals to send money to the Treasury system Plugin that tells you you... Specific purposes ISO 4217 standard, but is used to repay physical commodity such as gold or.! Post, we have a monopoly on the issuing of currency or coins is not part of the fiscal of... That country anyone actually wanted to take them to court over it ) is the currency paper! Tender can also be called fiat money, on the issuing of currency or coins is not backed a! In that country money are commodity money ; it might not have an value. Is legal status given by the law of the fiscal policy of many nations though vending and! And unlimited legal tender. question is the currency ( paper money appraisal Greg Davis Series legal... Greg Davis Series 1862 legal tender to the amount of this money in. But ‘ legal tender and may still be in circulation of banknotes issued for specific purposes commodity! Unnoticed amongst our own legal tender. a person may refuse to accept their personal checks papers... 5103, the coins, bills and notes that make up US are...

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types of legal tender money